Arabica Coffee plant is a delicate tree. It requires plenty of care, a cool, tropical climate, and moist, rich soil to thrive. The tree usually prefers an altitude of 600 to 2000 meters. It is vulnerable to cold weather and to many pests. Arabica Coffee is native to the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia, the Boma Plateau in southeastern Sudan and possibly Mount Marsabit in northern Kenya.
Arabica coffee is considered superior to Robusta coffee for several reasons. It has a much more delicate, rounded flavor than Robusta and many other varieties of coffee. Arabica coffee beans can generally be described as sweet and soft, with notes of berries, other fruits and sugar. Some are sharp and tangy, while some have a distinctive blueberry note after roasting, and some are floral, light and ighly fragrant.
Arabica coffee is generally much more expensive than Robusta coffee because it is harder and costlier to grow, it produces a lower yield and it is in higher demand. Many of the world's more expensive coffee blends are produced with only Arabica blends, while cheaper coffee blends tend to contain more Robusta. Whereas most specialty coffees will be Arabica-only.